Creams and ointments for dermatitis
There are several types of dermatitis (atopic, contact, allergic and seborrheic), but all of them are characterized by the same signs: swelling of the skin, rash, itching, burning, peeling of the skin. However, despite the similarity of symptoms, the causes and mechanisms of the onset of the disease in each case are individual, so a cream or ointment for dermatitis should be prescribed by a doctor.
Treatment of dermatitis: atopic, allergic, contact with creams, ointments
Atopic, allergic and contact dermatitis accompanies intense itching, leading to inflammation and injury to the skin. It is especially strong in the early days, so it is necessary to use a glucocorticosteroid ointment for dermatitis. The ointments may include the hormones triamcinolone , mometasone , flumethasone , hydrocortisone, clobetasol , betamethasone . In addition, the funds differ in the amount of a highly active substance and, based on the intensity of action, are divided into weak, medium, strong and very strong.
Applied in a thin layer on the affected area, ointments suppress the inflammatory process, regulate the tone of blood vessels, reduce itching, and promote cell regeneration. However, hormonal ointments have limitations in terms of time and scope (no more than 7 days), as they differ from other drugs in many side effects. Such drugs can cause eczema, urticaria and trophic skin changes, as well as problems in the functioning of internal organs, metabolic failure and suppression of the immune system.
Ointment for seborrheic dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis is most often caused by the activity of a fungus of the genus Malassezia. furfur , therefore, in this case, the dermatitis ointment should not only relieve the symptoms, but also fight the root cause of the disease. Antifungal ointments reduce the number of fungi living in the mouths of the sebaceous glands and inhibit their vital activity. As a result of the course use of antimycotic ointments, relief comes and the likelihood of remission is high. Mycocides against Malassezia furfur usually contain tar, salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione , selenium sulfide, ketoconazole , terbinafine hydrochloride, ichthyol, naftalan , ciclopirox and others.
The use of creams and ointments in therapy
After the acute stage of dermatitis has passed, therapy is needed, the purpose of which is to soften, moisturize and nourish the skin, reduce the intensity of peeling, heal cracks and scratches, as well as reduce itching, which is present even in the chronic period. The therapy is carried out by means of ointments and creams containing vegetable oils, plant extracts, Naftalan oil, lanolin, vitamin complexes, zinc, birch tar, ichthyol, hyaluronic acid. External remedies with natural ingredients have many advantages compared to highly active ointments :
- quickly absorbed into the skin, leaving a hydrophobic film on the surface of the skin;
- can be used as often as needed, almost never cause an overdose;
- do not cause a withdrawal syndrome.
Cream or ointment what to choose in the treatment of dermatitis
Means based on natural products differ in power and complexity of action. Ointments usually contain one active ingredient (for example, tar ointment for dermatitis), creams like Losterin contain several. Cream ” Losterin “, recommended for any type of dermatitis, has 6 components, each of which has a pronounced effect. Deresined naftalan and salicylic acid are antifungal, absorbable and bactericidal agents that relieve itching and inflammation. Salicylic acid and urea in combination have an exfoliating, wound healing and bacteriostatic effect. Dexpanthenol , almond oil and Japanese Sophora extract together create a powerful regenerating effect, cleanse, nourish and soften the skin, strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
But the most important thing is that with the help of creams based on natural ingredients, dermatitis can be prevented.